The European Commission has calculated 9 core elements of strategic importance for road safety: speed, seat belt, protection devices, alcohol, distraction, vehicle safety, infrastructures, post-accident rescue services, response of the National Rescue System. For each one it has proposed a Key Performance Indicator or KPI to measure the improvement in terms of road safety.
Nevertheless, the calculation of each indicator must inevitably be related to the availability and modality of data collection, which at present is still little defined at national level.
For each indicator a methodology of indicator collection and calculation was proposed which:
- wherever possible is based on data already collected in other investigations, thus reducing the resources to dedicate to the gathering and calculation of the indicators;
- gives reliable values of the calculated indicators thanks to the application of methods and practices consolidated and accepted by the scientific community;
- adopts methods and practices similar to those used in other European countries, guaranteeing the comparison with the indicators calculated by other Member States.